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Essential Ingredient: Whiskey

Essential Ingredient: Whiskey



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Tips for enjoying―and cooking with―this spirited ingredient.

All About: The term "proof" indicates the amount of alcohol a beverage contains. In the United States, the proof is exactly twice he percentage of alcohol. For example, a "100 proof" liquor is 50 percent alcohol. The average amount of alcohol in distilled spirits in this country is 80 proof.

Canada, Ireland, Scotland, and the U.S. are the countries with the highest whiskey production.

Eating healthy should still be delicious.

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If the whiskey is produced in Scotland or Canada, it is traditionally spelled whisky, without the "e."

Keep your stirring to a minimum when mixing whiskey and ice; the more you stir, the faster the ice will dilute the blend.

Alcohol freezes at a lower temperature than other liquids, so keep this in mind if you're preparing a frozen dessert containing alcohol.

Selection tips: The type of grain and yeast used, how it's aged and distilled, and the water source will determine a whiskey's quality and taste. Some of the varieties are: straight whiskey, which includes bourbon, Tennessee whiskey, and rye whiskey; blended whiskey, a combination of two or more 100-proof straight whiskeys; light whiskey, which has been distilled to a higher alcohol level and then diluted with water; and single-malt whiskey, which is made from a single distillery. Single-malt whiskeys are usually richer in flavor and more expensive.

Storage tips: Most whiskey is aged in wooden barrels in order to enhance the flavor. You will find whiskey available for purchase in glass bottles, which should be stored away from direct sunlight or extreme heat.

How to drink it: High-quality whiskey is meant to be sipped slowly and enjoyed, though we'll leave this method to our more-restrained counterparts.

Peak growing season: You should be able to find this potent potable year-round.

Health benefits: Hmm...we thought long and hard about this one and couldn't manage to make anything sound convincing, so you're on your own.

Nutritional info for one fl. oz. of 86 proof, distilled whiskey: 69.5 calories, 0 grams of fiber, 0 grams of protein, 0 grams of fat (0 saturated), 0.2 milligrams of sodium, and 0 cholesterol.


25 Classic Cocktail Recipes Everyone Should Know

We who like to mix drinks at home do it for many reasons: First, it's cheaper than drinking out. Second, it's fun to mix your own drinks at home. Third, it's even more fun to mix drinks for other people at home. Any self-respecting home bartender should have a mental Rolodex Excel spreadsheet of favorite classic cocktail recipes. Even if these aren't fully memorized, you should be able to find the recipe in your home library at quick notice to serve them to your friends.

Today, I present the 25 essential drinks that I think everyone should be able to make. I'm not including any highballs here. If you can't mix up a gin and tonic or a whiskey and soda without a recipe, you may want to do some remedial reading (and drinking!) first. But if you get to the end of this list and feel thirsty for more, we've got you covered.


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Two classic drink recipes, one essential ingredient: bitters

Bitters, a dark liquid with an amber glow, is an extraction of blended and ground seeds, herbs, bark, roots, flowers, leaves and the fruit of various plants, dissolved in alcohol.

It's a key component in cocktails and other drinks, and a dash of bitters can be added to food to intensify flavours in a dish, too.

For those seeking a little soothing after a hearty meal, it's a great aid to digestion.

The most famous of the bitters is Angostura. It has a rich and colourful history, and today, two centuries later, is still made in Trinidad and exported around the world. Not to be missed, the small bottle wrapped in paper covered with fine black print is a cocktail cabinet essential.

Here's how to use bitters to make two classic drinks, a boozy Old Fashioned and a non-alcoholic Rock Shandy:

OLD FASHIONED

Regarded as the oldest cocktail, it is enjoying an international revival. If the thought of heading out to a bar for this classic leaves you cold, it's one of those that can easily be mixed at home.

For one Old Fashioned, take ½ tsp of sugar, 3 dashes of bitters and 1 tsp of water in a balloon glass and mix till sugar has dissolved. Add some large, not crushed, ice cubes and pour over a double tot of bourbon or whiskey. For a burst of citrus, squeeze a strip of orange peel over the drink and serve.

ROCK SHANDY

For those who prefer something without alcohol, the dash of bitters gives the feeling you're not missing out.

For one Rock Shandy, in a tall glass pour in ½ a cup of soda or sparkling water and ½ a cup of lemonade. Add a couple of drops of bitters, which will give it a beautiful pinkish hue, add lots of ice and a slice of lemon and voile.


8 Essential Whiskey Drinks You Need to Know How to Make

Anyone can be a "whiskey girl" with the knowledge and know-how for these basic (and delicious) cocktails.

Anyone can be a "whiskey girl" with the knowledge and know-how for these basic (and delicious) cocktails.

Similar to its friend, Tom Collins (a gin cocktail), this is a sweet drink, made with soda water, fruit, and a bit of simple syrup&mdashperfect for porch drinking.

For an easy, three-ingredient drink (and one of the most traditional whiskey cocktails), this can be whipped together in no time and easily adjusted for different taste preferences.

Get the recipe at The Weary Chef.

Essentially, this drink is just bourbon and muddled mint leaves, with a bit of simple syrup. It might sound intimidating at first, but it's one of the most refreshing warm-weather sips you can get.

Get the recipe at Camille Styles.

Ask anyone who struggles with whiskey: Pickle juice is the perfect pairing. The salty, vinegar-y flavor of the pickle juice masks the harsh after-effect of the liquor. (Think: tequila and salt, get it?)

Get the recipe at This American Bite.

If you're a 7 and 7 fan, this may be your new favorite drink. The whiskey in this recipe pairs perfectly with ginger ale, so the end result is a smooth, bubbly treat.

Ingredients:

2 parts 2 GINGERS® Irish Whiskey

Method: Pour the 2 GINGERS® Irish Whiskey into a pint glass with ice. Top with ginger ale, followed by a wedge of a lemon and lime.

Not only is whiskey sour a crowd favorite because of its tangy sweetness, but this recipe gives you the fixings to make a whole pitcher! (Ed note: Share the pitcher.)

Get the recipe at A Practical Wedding.

Most people are well aware of the Hot Toddy's healing properties for a winter-time cold, but did you know you can make it similarly to a sweet tea for those warm summer days? You're welcome.

Get the recipe at Carolina Girl Cooks.

If a classic Old Fashioned is too intense for you (whiskey, bitters, sugar, and an orange peel), we bet this slightly altered version is right up your alley. Sweetened up with simple syrup and strawberries, it's a fruitier take on the traditional.

Ingredients:

1 1/2 part Knob Creek® Bourbon

2 dashes Bitterman's Xoxolatl Mole&trade Bitters

1 barspoon of Simple Syrup

1. Combine the strawberry and simply syrup in an Old Fashioned glass and muddle.

2. Add the Knob Creek® Bourbon, Amara Averna, Carpano Antica and Bitters with ice to the glass and stir until diluted.

3. Garnish with a sprig of mint.

Recipe by Maria Polise | Philadelphia, PA

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Scotch Recipes

Bartenders are learning that Scotch is useful for more than just pleasing the old man in the corner. The following six cocktails, which vary from easy to advanced, are great ways to develop a taste for Scotch or to discover new ways to enjoy an old favorite. Also, let's be honest, with cash flow being low for many of us these days, you don't really want to fully taste the cheap Scotch you scrimped for and finally bought.

Scotch Recipe: The Godfather

Introduce Scotland to Italy by adding some amaretto to the whiskey. This is an easy, two-ingredient drink that both new and seasoned Scotch drinkers will enjoy. The liqueur takes the hard bite off the whiskey without totally diluting its unique flavor. This is a great winter and holiday cocktail. Enjoy it after a hard day of skiing or after dinner while sitting around the fire. Plus, it's a whole lot manlier than eggnog.

The Rusty Screw

A variation on the classic Rusty Nail, which is Drambuie, Scotch and a lemon twist, the Rusty Screw is a bit sweeter and cheaper since you don't need to buy the Drambuie. The orange liqueur is what makes it a "screw" instead of a "nail," since Screwdrivers are made with orange juice. For people who like their drinks sweeter, add grenadine and they'll be happy.


Contents

Each particular ingredient has its own flavor that contributes to the final character of the beverage. In addition, different ingredients carry other characteristics, not directly relating to the flavor, which may dictate some of the choices made in brewing: nitrogen content, diastatic power, color, modification, and conversion.

Nitrogen content Edit

The nitrogen content of a grain relates to the mass fraction of the grain that is made up of protein, and is usually expressed as a percentage this fraction is further refined by distinguishing what fraction of the protein is water-soluble, also usually expressed as a percentage 40% is typical for most beermaking grains. Generally, brewers favor lower-nitrogen grains, while distillers favor high-nitrogen grains.

In most beermaking, an average nitrogen content in the grains of at most 10% is sought higher protein content, especially the presence of high-mass proteins, causes "chill haze", a cloudy visual quality to the beer. However, this is mostly a cosmetic desire dating from the mass production of glassware for presenting serving beverages traditional styles such as sahti, saison, and bière de garde, as well as several Belgian styles, make no special effort to create a clear product. The quantity of high-mass proteins can be reduced during the mash by making use of a protease rest.

In Britain, preferred brewers' grains are often obtained from winter harvests and grown in low-nitrogen soil in central Europe, no special changes are made for the grain-growing conditions and multi-step decoction mashing is favored instead.

Distillers, by contrast, are not as constrained by the amount of protein in their mash as the non-volatile nature of proteins means that none is included in the final distilled product. Therefore, distillers seek out higher-nitrogen grains to ensure a more efficiently-made product. Higher-protein grains generally have more diastatic power.

Diastatic power Edit

Diastatic power (DP), also called the "diastatic activity" or "enzymatic power", is a property of malts (grains that have begun to germinate) that refers to the malt's ability to break down starches into simpler fermentable sugars during the mashing process. Germination produces a number of enzymes, such as amylase, that can convert the starch naturally present in barley and other grains into sugar. The mashing process activates these enzymes by soaking the grain in water at a controlled temperature.

In general, the hotter a grain is kilned, the less its diastatic activity. As a consequence, only lightly colored grains can be used as base malts, with Munich malt being the darkest base malt generally available.

Diastatic activity can also be provided by diastatic malt extract or by inclusion of separately-prepared brewing enzymes.

Diastatic power for a grain is measured in degrees Lintner (°Lintner or °L, although the latter can conflict with the symbol °L for Lovibond color) or in Europe by Windisch-Kolbach units (°WK). The two measures are related by

A malt with enough power to self-convert has a diastatic power near 35 °Lintner (94 °WK). Until recently, the most active, so-called "hottest", malts currently available were American six-row pale barley malts, which have a diastatic power of up to 160 °Lintner (544 °WK). Wheat malts have begun to appear on the market with diastatic power of up to 200 °Lintner. Although with the huskless wheat being somewhat difficult to work with, this is usually used in conjunction with barley, or as an addition to add high diastatic power to a mash.

Color Edit

In brewing, the color of a grain or product is evaluated by the Standard Reference Method (SRM), Lovibond (°L), American Society of Brewing Chemists (ASBC) or European Brewery Convention (EBC) standards. While SRM and ASBC originate in North America and EBC in Europe, all three systems can be found in use throughout the world degrees Lovibond has fallen out of industry use but has remained in use in homebrewing circles as the easiest to implement without a spectrophotometer. The darkness of grains range from as light as less than 2 SRM/4 EBC for Pilsener malt to as dark as 700 SRM/1600 EBC for black malt and roasted barley.

Modification Edit

The quality of starches in a grain is variable with the strain of grain used and its growing conditions. "Modification" refers specifically to the extent to which starch molecules in the grain consist of simple chains of starch molecules versus branched chains a fully modified grain contains only simple-chain starch molecules. A grain that is not fully modified requires mashing in multiple steps rather than at simply one temperature as the starches must be de-branched before amylase can work on them. One indicator of the degree of modification of a grain is that grain's Nitrogen ratio that is, the amount of soluble Nitrogen (or protein) in a grain vs. the total amount of Nitrogen(or protein). This number is also referred to as the "Kolbach Index" and a malt with a Kolbach index between 36% and 42% is considered a malt that is highly modified and suitable for single infusion mashing. Maltsters use the length of the acrospire vs. the length of the grain to determine when the appropriate degree of modification has been reached before drying or kilning.

Conversion Edit

Conversion is the extent to which starches in the grain have been enzymatically broken down into sugars. A caramel or crystal malt is fully converted before it goes into the mash most malted grains have little conversion unmalted grains, meanwhile, have little or no conversion. Unconverted starch becomes sugar during the last steps of mashing, through the action of alpha and beta amylases.

The oldest and most predominant ingredient in brewing is barley, which has been used in beer-making for thousands of years. Modern brewing predominantly uses malted barley for its enzymatic power, but ancient Babylonian recipes indicate that, without the ability to malt grain in a controlled fashion, baked bread was simply soaked in water [ citation needed ] . Malted barley dried at a sufficiently low temperature contains enzymes such as amylase, which convert starch into sugar. Therefore, sugars can be extracted from the barley's own starches simply by soaking the grain in water at a controlled temperature this is mashing.

Pilsner malt Edit

Pilsner malt, the basis of pale lager, is quite pale and strongly flavored. Invented in the 1840s [ citation needed ] , Pilsner malt is the lightest-colored generally available malt, and also carries a strong, sweet malt flavor. Usually a pale lager's grain bill consists entirely of this malt, which has enough enzymatic power to be used as a base malt. The commercial desirability of light-colored beers has also led to some British brewers adopting Pilsner malt (sometimes described simply as "lager malt" in Britain) in creating golden ales. In Germany, Pilsner malt is also used in some interpretations of the Kölsch style. ASBC 1-2/EBC 3–4, DP 60 °Lintner.

Pale malt Edit

Pale malt is the basis of pale ale and bitter, and the precursor in production of most other British beer malts. Dried at temperatures sufficiently low to preserve all the brewing enzymes in the grain, it is light in color and, today, the cheapest barley malt available due to mass production [ citation needed ] . It can be used as a base malt—that is, as the malt constituting the majority of the grist—in many styles of beer. Typically, English pale malts are kilned at 95–105 °C. Color ASBC 2-3/EBC 5–7. Diastatic power (DP) 45 °Lintner.

Mild malt Edit

Mild malt is often used as the base malt for mild ale, and is similar in color to pale malt. Mild malt is kilned at slightly higher temperatures than pale malt to provide a less neutral, rounder flavor generally described as "nutty". ASBC 3/EBC 6.

Amber malt Edit

Amber malt is a more toasted form of pale malt, kilned at temperatures of 150–160 °C, and is used in brown porter older formulations of brown porter use amber malt as a base malt [1] (though this was diastatic and produced in different conditions from a modern amber malt). Amber malt has a bitter flavor that mellows on aging, and can be quite intensely flavored. In addition to its use in porter, it also appears in a diverse range of British beer recipes. ASBC 50-70/EBC 100–140 amber malt has no diastatic power.

Stout malt Edit

Stout malt is sometimes seen as a base malt for stout beer light in color, it is prepared so as to maximize diastatic power in order to better convert the large quantities of dark malts and unmalted grain used in stouts. In practice, however, most stout recipes make use of pale malt for its much greater availability. ASBC 2-3/EBC 4–6, DP 60–70 °Lintner.

Brown malt Edit

Brown malt is a darker form of pale malt, and is used typically in brown ale as well as in porter and stout. Like amber malt, it can be prepared from pale malt at home by baking a thin layer of pale malt in an oven until the desired color is achieved. 50–70 °L, no enzymes.

Chocolate malt Edit

Chocolate malt is similar to pale and amber malts [ citation needed ] but kilned at even higher temperatures. Producing complex chocolate and cocoa flavours, it is used in porters and sweet stouts as well as dark mild ales. It contains no enzymes. ASBC 450-500/EBC 1100–1300.

Black malt Edit

Black malt, also called patent malt or black patent malt, is barley malt that has been kilned to the point of carbonizing, around 200 °C. The term "patent malt" comes from its invention in England in 1817, late enough that the inventor of the process for its manufacture, Daniel Wheeler, was awarded a patent [ citation needed ] . Black malt provides the colour and some of the flavour in black porter, contributing an acrid, ashy undertone to the taste. In small quantities, black malt can also be used to darken beer to a desired color, sometimes as a substitute for caramel colour. Due to its high kilning temperature, it contains no enzymes. ASBC 500-600/EBC >1300.

Crystal malt Edit

Crystal malts, or caramel malts [2] are prepared separately from pale malts. They are high-nitrogen malts that are wetted and roasted in a rotating drum before kilning. They produce strongly sweet toffee-like flavors and are sufficiently converted that they can be steeped without mashing to extract their flavor. Crystal malts are available in a range of colors, with darker-colored crystal malts kilned at higher temperatures producing stronger, more caramel-like overtones. Some of the sugars in crystal malts caramelize during kilning and become unfermentable. Hence, adding crystal malt increases the final sweetness of a beer. They contain no enzymes. ASBC 50-165/EBC 90–320 the typical British crystal malt used in pale ale and bitter is around ASBC 70–80.

Distiller's malt Edit

Standard distiller's malt or pot still malt is quite light and very high in nitrogen compared to beer malts. These malts are used in the production of whiskey/whisky and generally originate from northern Scotland.

Peated malt Edit

Peated malt is distiller's malt that has been smoked over burning peat, which imparts the aroma and flavor characteristics of Islay whisky and some Irish whiskey. Recently, some brewers have also included peated malt in interpretations of Scotch ales, although this is generally ahistorical. When peat is used in large amounts for beer making, the resulting beer tends to have a very strong earthy and smoky flavor that most mainstream beer drinkers would find irregular.

Vienna malt Edit

Vienna malt or Helles malt is the characteristic grain of Vienna lager and Märzen although it generally takes up only ten to fifteen percent of the grain bill in a beer, it can be used as a base malt. It has sufficient enzymatic power to self-convert, and it is somewhat darker and kilned at a higher temperature than Pilsner malt. ASBC 3-4/EBC 7–10, DP 50 °Lintner.

Munich malt Edit

Munich malt is used as the base malt of the bock beer style, especially doppelbock, and appears in dunkel lager and Märzens in smaller quantities. While a darker grain than pale malt, it has sufficient diastatic power to self-convert, despite being kilned at temperatures around 115 °C. It imparts "malty," although not necessarily sweet characteristics, depending on mashing temperatures. ASBC 4-6/EBC 10–15, DP 40 °Lintner.

Rauchmalz Edit

Rauchmalz is a German malt that is prepared by being dried over an open flame rather than via kiln. The grain has a smoky aroma and is an essential ingredient in Bamberg Rauchbier.

Acid malt Edit

Acid malt, also known as acidulated malt, whose grains contain lactic acid, can be used as a continental analog to Burtonization. Acid malt lowers the mash pH and provides a rounder, fuller character to the beer, enhancing the flavor of Pilseners and other light lagers. Lowering the pH also helps prevent beer spoilage through oxidation.

Other malts Edit

Honey malt is an intensely flavored, lightly colored malt. 18–20 °L.

Melanoidin malt, a malt like the Belgian Aromatic malt, adds roundness and malt flavor to a beer with a comparably small addition in the grain bill. It also stabilizes the flavor.

Unmalted barley Edit

Unmalted barley kernels are used in mashes for some Irish whiskey.

Roast barley are un-malted barley kernels toasted in an oven until almost black. Roast barley is, after base malt, usually the most-used grain in stout beers, contributing the majority of the flavor and the characteristic dark-brown color undertones of chocolate and coffee are common. ASBC 500-600/EBC >1300 or more, no diastatic activity.

Black barley is like roast barley except even darker, and may be used in stouts. It has a strong, astringent flavor and contains no enzymes. [1]

Flaked barley is unmalted, dried barley rolled into flat flakes. It imparts a rich, grainy flavor to beer and is used in many stouts, especially Guinness stout it also improves head formation and retention.

Torrefied barley is barley kernels that have been heated until they pop like popcorn.

Wheat Edit

Wheat malt Edit

Beer brewed in the German Hefeweizen style relies heavily on malted wheat as a grain. Under the Reinheitsgebot, wheat was treated separately from barley, as it was the more expensive grain.

Torrefied wheat Edit

Torrefied wheat is used in British brewing to increase the size and retention of a head in beer. Generally it is used as an enhancer rather than for its flavor.

Raw wheat Edit

Belgian witbier and Lambic make heavy use of raw wheat in their grist. It provides the distinctive taste and clouded appearance in a witbier and the more complex carbohydrates needed for the wild yeast and bacteria that make a lambic.

Wheat flour Edit

Until the general availability of torrefied wheat, wheat flour was often used for similar purposes in brewing. Brewer's flour is only rarely available today, and is of a larger grist than baker's flour.

Oats Edit

Oats in the form of rolled or steel-cut oats are used as mash ingredients in Oatmeal Stout.

Rye Edit

The use of rye in a beer typifies the rye beer style, especially the German Roggenbier. Rye is also used in the Slavic kvass and Finnish sahti farmhouse styles, as readily available grains in eastern Europe. However, the use of rye in brewing is considered difficult as rye lacks a hull (like wheat) and contains large quantities of beta-glucans compared to other grains these long-chain sugars can leach out during a mash, creating a sticky gelatinous gum in the mash tun, and as a result brewing with rye requires a long, thorough beta-glucanase rest. Rye is said to impart a spicy, dry flavor to beer.

Sorghum and millet Edit

Sorghum and millet are often used in African brewing. As gluten-free grains, they have gained popularity in the Northern Hemisphere as base materials for beers suitable for people with Celiac disease.

Sorghum produces a dark, hazy beer. However, sorghum malt is difficult to prepare and rarely commercially available outside certain African countries.

Millet is an ingredient in chhaang and pomba, and both grains together are used in oshikundu.

Rice and maize Edit

In the US, rice and maize (corn) are often used by commercial breweries as a means of adding fermentable sugars to a beer cheaply, due to the ready availability and low price of the grains. Maize is also the base grain in chicha and some cauim, as well as Bourbon whiskey and Tennessee Whiskey while rice is the base grain of happoshu and various mostly Asian fermented beverages often referred to as "rice wines" such as sake and makgeolli maize is also used as an ingredient in some Belgian beers such as Rodenbach to lighten the body.

Maize was originally introduced into the brewing of American lagers because of the high protein content of the six-row barley adding maize, which is high in sugar but low in protein, helped thin out the body of the resulting beer. Increased amounts of maize use over time led to the development of the American pale lager style. Maize is generally not malted (although it is in some whiskey recipes) but instead introduced into the mash as flaked, dried kernels. Prior to a brew, rice and maize are cooked to allow the starch to gelatinize and thereby render it convertible.

Buckwheat and quinoa, while not cereal grasses (but are whole grains), both contain high levels of available starch and protein, while containing no gluten. Therefore, some breweries use these plants in the production of beer suitable for people with Celiac disease, either alone or in combination with sorghum.

Another way of adding sugar or flavoring to a malt beverage is the addition of natural or artificial sugar products such as honey, white sugar, Dextrose, and/or malt extract. While these ingredients can be added during the mash, the enzymes in the mash do not act on them. Such ingredients can be added during the boil of the wort rather than the mash, and as such, are also known as copper sugars.

One syrup commonly used in mash, [ citation needed ] however, is dry or dried malt extract or DME. DME is prepared by mashing malt in the normal fashion, then concentrating and spray drying the resulting wort. DME is used extensively in homebrewing as a substitute for base malt. It typically has no diastatic power because the enzymes are denatured in the production process.

Britain Edit

British brewing makes use of a wide variety of malts, with considerable stylistic freedom for the brewer to blend them. Many British malts were developed only as recently as the Industrial Revolution, as improvements in temperature-controlled kilning allowed finer control over the drying and toasting of the malted grains [ citation needed ] .

The typical British brewer's malt is a well-modified, low-nitrogen barley grown in the east of England or southeast of Scotland. In England, the best-known brewer's malt is made from the Maris Otter strain of barley other common strains are Halcyon, Pipkin, Chariot, and Fanfare. Most malts in current use in Britain are derived from pale malt and were invented no earlier than the reign of Queen Anne [ citation needed ] . Brewing malt production in Britain is thoroughly industrialized, with barley grown on dedicated land and malts prepared in bulk in large, purpose-build maltings and distributed to brewers around the country to order.

Continental Europe Edit

Before controlled-temperature kilning became available, malted grains were dried over wood fires Rauchmalz (German: smoked malt) is malt dried using this traditional process. In Germany, beech is often used as the wood for the fire, imparting a strongly smoky flavor to the malt. This malt is then used as the primary component of rauchbier alder-smoked malt is used in Alaskan smoked porters. Rauchmalz comes in several varieties, generally named for and corresponding to standard kilned varieties (e.g. Rauchpilsener to Pilsener) color and diastatic power are comparable to those for an equivalent kilned grain.

Similarly to crystal malts in Britain, central Europe makes use of caramel malts, which are moistened and kilned at temperatures around 55–65 °C in a rotating drum before being heated to higher temperatures for browning. The lower-temperature moistened kilning causes conversion and mashing to take place in the oven, resulting in a grain's starches becoming mostly or entirely converted to sugar before darkening. Caramel malts are produced in color grades analogous to other lager malts: carapils for pilsener malt, caravienne or carahell for Vienna malt, and caramunch for Munich malt. Color and final kilning temperature are comparable to non-caramel analog malts there is no diastatic activity. Carapils malt is sometimes also called dextrin malt. 10–120 °L.

United States Edit

American brewing combines British and Central European heritages, and as such uses all the above forms of beer malt Belgian-style brewing is less common but its popularity is growing. In addition, America also makes use of some specialized malts:

6-row pale malt is a pale malt made from a different species of barley. Quite high in nitrogen, 6-row malt is used as a "hot" base malt for rapid, thorough conversion in a mash, as well as for extra body and fullness the flavor is more neutral than 2-row malt. 1.8 °L, 160 °Lintner.

Victory malt is a specialized lightly roasted 2-row malt that provides biscuity, caramel flavors to a beer. Similar in color to amber and brown malt, it is often an addition to American brown ale. 25 °L, no diastatic power.

Other notable American barley malts include Special Roast and coffee malt. Special Roast is akin to a darker variety of victory malt.

Belgium Edit

Belgian brewing makes use of the same grains as central European brewing. In general, though, Belgian malts are slightly darker and sweeter than their central European counterparts. In addition, Belgian brewing uses some local malts:

Pale malt in Belgium is generally darker than British pale malt. Kilning takes place at temperatures five to ten °C lower than for British pale malt, but for longer periods diastatic power is comparable to that of British pale malt. ASBC 4/EBC 7.

Special B is a dark, intensely sweet crystal malt providing a strong malt flavor.

Biscuit malt is a lightly flavored roasted malt used to darken some Belgian beers. 45–50 EBC/25 °L.

Aromatic malt, by contrast, provides an intensely malty flavor. Kilned at 115 °C, it retains enough diastatic power to self-convert. 50–55 EBC/20 °L.


The Best Laxogenin Supplement

Now that you’ve gotten excited about the effects of this compound, you’ll want to know how to get your hands on the best laxogenin supplement.

As we’ve said before, quality matters a lot when it comes to the effectiveness of supplements. With this ingredient, it’s no different.

  • Halo – Redcon1
  • Laxogenin 100 – Hi-Tech
  • Genbolin – NCN Supps
  • Anogenin – Blackstone Labs

But the most effective option I’ve tried thus far is Huge Nutrition’s Annihilate. From my experience, Annihilate is the most potent Laxogenin product available right now.

Not only is it effective, but it’s also the most stacked option. Each container holds 60 capsules, with each pill holding 100mg of 5a Hydroxy laxogenin – other products we’ve come across only contain 50-75mg per capsule.

If you’re looking for an effective product that’ll help take your performance and physique to the next level, I recommend checking out Annihilate by Huge Nutrition.

Clicking here will take you to the official product page, where you can learn more about Annihilate and how others experienced it.


“I love grapefruit cocktails year-round, but the rye and sage make this one especially wintry.” —Alison Roman, senior associate food editor

The hot toddy is not simply a mixture of hot water and booze. It’s a miracle worker, a doctor, and a life coach in a cup. And although it does seem to do the trick for everything from a sore throat to a cough, it’s just as good when you’re healthy. This version—from Damon Boelte, bar manager at Prime Meats restaurant in Brooklyn—omits the usual honey or sugar and plays up the herbal and spicy notes instead.


9. Mint Julep

This bourbon cocktail is a classic—and rightfully so. It’s light, refreshing and usually served in a metal cup that keeps it nice and frosty. Though strongly linked with the Kentucky Derby, this drink can and should be enjoyed all summer long. Thoroughbreds not required.


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